Kazakhstan: Heading UN Security Council By Offering New Initiatives

122-777x437

(Photograph courtesy of the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the UN)

By Joseph Robertson

January 26, 2018

“In January, 2018 our country will preside for the first time in the United Nations Security Council. As part of this, we intend to work successfully with all our partners,” states the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, discussing his country’s priorities presiding over the UN Security Council for a month as one of its key non-permanent members.

The Kazakh President says a priority of presiding over the UN Security Council will be to develop “a code of international anti-terrorist operations that could form a basis for the creation of a global anti-terrorist network”.

Kazakhstan, the first country from Central Asia to hold a seat in the UN Security Council in 2017-2018 has set as its priorities: Nuclear non-proliferation: eliminating the threat of global war; combatting terrorism and violent extremism; and promoting the interests of Central Asia to ensure its stability and security.

The central issue of Kazakhstan’s chairmanship of the United Nations Security Council is the adoption by the Security Council of a document on Central Asia and Afghanistan (the format is being worked on at the present time). As mentioned, Kazakhstan is the first and so far only one of this region (Central Asia) who has been honored to take the seat in the UN Security Council. Taking their responsibility as a leader in central Asia, from their UN position Kazakhstan promotes to the UN not only country initiatives, but regional and global ones.

Afghanistan is invariably the top issue in Central Asia today. Everything related to this war torn nation from normalization of the situation in the country to counter-terrorism measures to humanitarian efforts are all being discussed by Kazakhstan and it UN colleagues.

It is to the humanitarian aspect of Afghanistan’s strategy that Kazakhstan pays special attention in conditions when former methods for normalizing the situation have proved ineffective: military operations that end with inconclusive withdrawal and seemingly endless infusions of very large sums of money into the Afghanistan economy. High levels of corruption are rampant in Afghanistan and much of intended money does not ever reach its intended recipients.

It is shocking to realize that the civil war in Afghanistan has been going on for almost forty years. During this time, a whole generation has grown up, which knows no other life and cannot remember holding anything but weapons in their hands. In order to stop the war in Afghanistan and to establish a normal life, first of all, it is necessary to raise a new generation which can live in peace without war.

To this end, Kazakhstan launched a program of free training of Afghan students seven years ago in its universities. Some of them have already finished, returning already to their homeland and now working as engineers, diplomats and doctors. This positive experience is definitely worthy of the attention of the international community. And, as a member of the UN Security Council, Kazakhstan has a chance to draw the attention of the other UN members to the humanitarian aspect of the settlement of the Afghan crisis.

The list of urgent issues affecting Central Asia is not limited to Afghanistan. There are many unresolved older issues affecting the region including aspects of food and energy security, water use issues and undefined borders. And for each of these points, Kazakhstan has established its own solutions. Therefore, the attempt to develop and adopt a separate document on the Central Asian issues, initiated by Kazakhstan at the level of the UN Security Council, is an event for the region. It is a landmark event for the region of Central Asia.

Many of Kazakhstan’s global initiatives seem very relevant to solving some of our global problems in 2018. Terrorism is a major concern for all countries across the globe. In conditions when international terrorism has found catastrophic proportions and erased all borders where a terrorist attack can occur absolutely anywhere in the word, it is necessary to respond to this challenge with a united front, or rather a global anti-terrorist coalition under the auspices of the United Nations. Kazakh President Nazarbayev has come up with an initiative in 2015.

The Kazakh President relates that the point is not to build up military potential against each other, but to unite against the common threat and to focus the military potential on constructive goals. Kazakhstan has invited UN member countries to transfer one percent of the defense budget to a special fund which would be aimed at financing the fight against poverty, hunger and climate change.

Climate change is an issue to be seriously debated and work to solve on a global scale. Huge islands of debris in the ocean, cities drowning in poisonous exhaust fumes, tsunamis and earthquakes that happen more often than ever before in our history-today this is no longer a footage of fantastic futuristic films with an apocalyptic script, it is our reality.

To stop the degradation of the planet’s ecology, it is necessary to introduce mass “green technologies”, according to Kazakhstan. Understanding this, Kazakhstan chose the theme “Energy of the Future” for the International Exhibition of EXPO in Astana, its capital city. After holding a successful EXPO, the event initiated the creation of the UN Center for the Development of Green Technologies and Investment Projects, so the country can share their experience, knowledge and financial support.

Kazakhstan feels they have something important to offer the international community as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for solving truly urgent problems and improving the situation not only in a particular Central Asian region, but throughout the world. Kazakhstan is hoping that their initiatives will be heard by the rest of the global community and, hopefully, successfully acted upon to ensure a safer, more peaceful and environmentally friendly planet.

Comments

comments

Comments

Comments

comments

Powered by Facebook Comments

Powered by Sovereign Market: Marketing and Strategic Communications